Great Pyramid

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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Witness » Mon Oct 02, 2017 2:03 am

Archaeology News Network wrote:Ancient papyrus reveals how Egyptians transported limestone blocks to build the Great Pyramid

It has for centuries been one of the world’s greatest enigmas: how a Bronze Age society with little in the way of technology created Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza – the oldest and only survivor of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Now archaeologists have discovered fascinating proof that shows how the Egyptians transported 2½-ton blocks of limestone and granite from 500 miles away to build the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu in about 2,600 BC.

At 481ft tall, it is the biggest of all the pyramids and was, until the Middle Ages, the largest man-made structure on Earth. Now the discovery of an ancient papyrus, a ceremonial boat and an ingenious system of waterworks have shed light on the infrastructure created by the builders.

The detailed archaeological material shows that thousands of skilled workers transported 170,000 tons of limestone along the Nile in wooden boats held together by ropes, through a specially constructed system of canals to an inland port just yards from the base of the pyramid.

A scroll of ancient papyrus has also been found in the seaport Wadi Al-Jarf which has given a new insight into the role boats played in the pyramid’s construction.

Written by Merer, an overseer in charge of a team of 40 elite workmen, it is the only first-hand account of the construction of the Great Pyramid, and describes in detail how limestone casing stones were shipped downstream from Tura to Giza.

In his diary, Merer also describes how his crew were involved in the transformation of the landscape, opening giant dykes to divert water from the Nile and channel it to the pyramid through man-made canals.

https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.ch/2017/09/ancient-papyrus-reveals-how-egyptians.html (with pics)

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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Witness » Fri Nov 03, 2017 10:10 pm

Nature wrote:Discovery of a big void in Khufu’s Pyramid by observation of cosmic-ray muons

Abstract

The Great Pyramid or Khufu’s Pyramid was built on the Giza Plateau (Egypt) during the IVth dynasty by the pharaoh Khufu (Cheops), who reigned from 2509 to 2483 BC1. Despite being one of the oldest and largest monuments on Earth, there is no consensus about how it was built2,3. To better understand its internal structure, we imaged the pyramid using muons, which are by-products of cosmic rays that are only partially absorbed by stone4–6. The resulting cosmic-ray muon radiography allows us to visualize the known and potentially unknown voids in the pyramid in a non-invasive way. Here we report the discovery of a large void (with a cross section similar to the Grand Gallery and a length of 30 m minimum) above the Grand Gallery, which constitutes the first major inner structure found in the Great Pyramid since the 19th century 1. This void, named ScanPyramids Big Void, was first observed with nuclear emulsion films7–9 installed in the Queen’s chamber (Nagoya University), then confirmed with scintillator hodoscopes10,11 set up in the same chamber (KEK) and re-confirmed with gas detectors12 outside of the pyramid (CEA). This large void has therefore been detected with a high confidence by three different muon detection technologies and three independent analyses. These results constitute a breakthrough for the understanding of Khufu’s Pyramid and its internal structure. While there is currently no information about the role of this void, these findings show how modern particle physics can shed new light on the world’s archaeological heritage.
https://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaap/ncurrent/full/nature24647.html?sf136276710=1

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Artist’s rendering of a cross-section of the Great Pyramid showing the newly discovered void (represented as a white area) above the large inclined corridor known as grand gallery.
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/11/cosmic-rays-reveal-unknown-void-great-pyramid-giza

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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby sparks » Sat Nov 04, 2017 1:09 am

They'll never get in: It's where Doc keeps all those stereos.
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Doctor X » Sat Nov 04, 2017 6:06 am

And here, I was going to write:

They found a big hole in the Great Pyramid?

They found Your Mom?!11!![!--Ed.]


but then . . . sparks . . .

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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Abdul Alhazred » Sat Nov 04, 2017 3:36 pm

What is some explorers find their way in and discover -- nothing.

Because the "void" is a structurally sound way of saving on stone? 8)
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby sparks » Sat Nov 04, 2017 8:58 pm

Then it means that "the "void" is a structurally sound way of saving on stone".

Umkay?

Nevertheless, someone's gotta take a look because SCIENCE!!
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Abdul Alhazred » Sat Nov 04, 2017 9:02 pm

sparks wrote:Nevertheless, someone's gotta take a look because SCIENCE!!


No.

Because it's a pyramid and therefore SPOOKY.

But you knew that. :wink:
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby sparks » Sat Nov 04, 2017 9:04 pm

Abdul Alhazred wrote:
sparks wrote:Nevertheless, someone's gotta take a look because SCIENCE!!


Absolutely right! :wink:



FTFY :P
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Abdul Alhazred » Sat Nov 04, 2017 9:09 pm

:evil:
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Abdul Alhazred » Sat Nov 04, 2017 9:09 pm

:lmao:
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Witness » Sat Nov 04, 2017 11:28 pm

For something different:

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Spoiler:
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Anaxagoras » Sun Nov 05, 2017 12:11 pm

Is there any way to access this void without dismantling the pyramid? And would they do that just to see if there's anything in there?

Personally, I'm with Abdul on this one. It was probably just a shortcut to save a bit of effort and cost.
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Pyrrho » Sun Nov 05, 2017 2:07 pm

More likely a construction error that was corrected later.
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby sparks » Sun Nov 05, 2017 4:18 pm

Well, we won't be dismantling the pyramid any time soon: The technology required doesn't exist yet!!11 On Earth, that is!!11Eleventy :shock: (Except at Captain Nimrods other secret base that hasn't been discovered yet because ... Outer Spacian ... and shit, and 12,000 years. Esplainify that skeptics!)
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby gnome » Mon Nov 06, 2017 11:25 am

It's where the grain is held, of course.
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Skeeve » Fri Dec 01, 2017 1:15 pm

More 'discoveries' or conjecture if you prefer, video below.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q5CohNp0DOM

Hidden rooms behind the King's chamber.
The narrator cites the french architect Jean-Pierre Houdin
(see the opening post) who came up with the internal ramp theory.
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Witness » Sat Dec 02, 2017 3:53 am

Image

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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby sparks » Sat Dec 02, 2017 4:20 pm

That is brilliant. Just wish I could read the explanation bubbles... Anax?

The giant scorpion is a particularly nice touch.

(Captain Nimrod's other-other secret base? And shit.)
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Re: Great Pyramid

Postby Anaxagoras » Sat Dec 02, 2017 5:00 pm

sparks wrote:That is brilliant. Just wish I could read the explanation bubbles... Anax?

The giant scorpion is a particularly nice touch.

(Captain Nimrod's other-other secret base? And shit.)



Well, on the right it says: The secret pyramid base of diabolical scientist Dr. Who, King Kong's nemesis.

Dr. Who is not the British one, but a villain from a Japanese kaiju movie called King Kong Escapes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Kong_Escapes
Image
King Kong Escapes (released in Japan as Counterattack of King Kong (キングコングの逆襲 Kingu Kongu no Gyakushū), is a 1967 Japanese-American science-fiction kaiju film featuring King Kong, co-produced by Toho and Rankin/Bass

Spoiler:
Plot[edit]
An evil genius named Dr. Who creates Mechani-Kong, a robot version of King Kong, to dig for the highly radioactive Element X, found only at the North Pole. Mechani-Kong enters an ice cave and begins to dig into a glacier, but the radiation destroys its brain circuits and the robot shuts down. Who then sets his sights on getting the real Kong to finish the job. Who is taken to task by a beautiful female overseer, Madame Piranha. Her country's government is financing the doctor's schemes, and she frequently berates him for his failure to get results.

Meanwhile, a submarine commanded by Carl Nelson arrives at Mondo Island where the legendary King Kong lives. Much like the original 1933 film, the giant ape gets into an intense fight with Gorosaurus and a sea serpent. He falls in love with a female human. In this case, it is Lt. Susan Watson (played by Linda Jo Miller) following in the footsteps of Fay Wray.

Dr. Who subsequently goes to Mondo Island, abducts Kong and brings him back to his base at the North Pole. Kong is hypnotized by a flashing light device and fitted with a radio earpiece. Who commands Kong to retrieve the Element X from the cave. (Apparently, Kong understands English perfectly.) Problems with the earpiece ensue and Who has to kidnap Susan Watson, the only person who can control Kong.

After Watson and her fellow officers are captured by Who, Madame Piranha unsuccessfully tries to seduce Nelson to bring him over to her side. Eventually Kong escapes and swims all the way to Japan where the climactic battle with Mechani-Kong transpires. Standing in for the Empire State Building from the original film is the Tokyo Tower where the two giants face off in the finale.
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